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4.5 CULTURAL RESOURCES <br />4.5-1 <br /> <br /> <br />This section describes the existing conditions for cultural resources in the <br />project site and evaluates the potential project-related impacts to such <br />resources. This section also includes a discussion of potential cumulative <br />impacts to cultural resources. The section was developed through <br />background research and field surveys of the project site. <br /> <br />Cultural resources are sites, buildings, structures, objects, and districts that <br />may have traditional or cultural value for their historical significance. <br />Cultural resources include a broad range of resources, examples of which <br />include archaeological sites, historic roadways and railroad tracks, and <br />buildings of architectural significance. Generally, for a cultural resource to be <br />considered a historical resource (i.e. meets the criteria at Public Resource <br />Code Section 21084.1), it must be 50 years or older.1 <br /> <br /> <br />A. Regulatory Framework <br />1. Federal Laws and Regulations <br />There are no Federal laws or regulations related to cultural resources that are <br />relevant to the project site. <br /> <br />2. State Laws and Regulations <br />a. California Environmental Quality Act <br />The California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) requires that effects to <br />cultural resources be considered in the planning process for discretionary <br />projects. Under the provisions of CEQA, a “project with an effect that may <br />cause a substantial adverse change in the significance of a historical resource is <br />a project that may have a significant effect on the environment.”2 Public <br /> <br />1 California Office of Historic Preservation, 1999:3, California Register and <br />National Register: A Comparison. Technical Assistance Series No. 6. California Office <br />of Historic Preservation, Sacramento. <br />2 California Code of Regulations, Title 14, Chapter 3, Section 15064.5(b): <br />Determining the Significance of Impacts on Historical and Unique Archaeological <br />Resources